In today’s film world, parts of Waterfront do not work as well as they once did. Occasionally the film seems contrived or overly familiar. At times, the theme was too obvious, going overboard with its preachy tone but the passion comes through. Passion never changes. The films basic theme, heroism, standing up for what one believes in the face of seemingly overwhelming opposition and for trying to change things for the better, is ageless. Even with its few flaws, Waterfront, with its dynamic cinematic conflict and rich, textured characters, is on the AFI list of one of the top best films of twentieth century, holding position eight. Waterfront has withstood the test of time primarily because it is a good story, brilliantly filmed, its overall grittiness, and the remarkable performances of Marlon Brando, Rod Steiger and Lee J. Cobb’s. Brando's performance is still widely considered one of the greatest performances ever in film.
The United States House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) was established in 1976 to investigate the assassinations of John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr. and the shooting of Alabama Governor George Wallace. The Committee investigated until 1978 and issued its final report, and ruled that Kennedy was very likely assassinated as a result of a conspiracy. However, the Committee noted that it believed that the conspiracy did not include the governments of the Soviet Union or Cuba.
The Committee also stated it did not believe the conspiracy was organized by any organized crime group, nor any anti-Castro group, but that it could not rule out individual members of any of those groups acting together.
The House Select Committee on Assassinations suffered from being conducted mostly in secret, and then issued a public report with much of its evidence sealed for 50 years under Congressional rules.
In 1992, Congress passed legislation to collect and open up all the evidence relating to Kennedy's death, and created the Assassination Records Review Board to further that goal.
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Page Numbers Source ISBN: 1479135356
Publisher: Bad Guys and Bullets Press.Com (August 18, 2011)
The origins of the New York Mafia start with Giuseppe Masseria, AKA Joe the Boss. Masseria was the most powerful Mafia don in New York City from 1920 till 1930, with absolute control over the Lower East Side. An old world Mafia enforcer, he fled to the US from Sicily in 1903 to avoid a murder charge that even the Sicilian Mafia couldn't fix.
Forced into hiding in New York, Masseria began work as an enforcer for the Morello organization, a Mafia gang, families had not yet been established in the United States, that operated on the Lower East Side, under the sponsorship of two ambitious gangsters, Iganzio Saietta and Ciro Terranova.
But Masseria was equally ambitious, and after Saietta was sent to prison and Terranova retired from crime, having struck it rich by cornering the national artichoke market, Masseria, within seven years, controlled an enormous part of the rackets in New York.
Masseria was an old world Mafia Don, a tyrannically, strict bigot, who ordered his top men, young gangsters like Charles "Lucky" Luciano, to stop associating with Jewish mobsters. It was, he said, "unwise" to have relationships outside the Sicilian organization.
As for the Irish gangs that surrounded him and constantly encroached into his rackets, Masseria said it was easier to kill them than to bring them into his organization. As a result, his organization was insular and almost constantly involved in a street war.
Testimony by William Sessions, Director of the FBI, notes recent successful prosecutions of major figures in La Cosa Nostra, but warns that large amounts of illegally acquired funds generated by criminal groups overseas are used for investment in legitimate ventures in the United States. He offers suggestions for Federal legislation to enhance the law enforcement efforts against organized crime, including the addition of a civil forfeiture provision under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations statute that would permit law enforcement to penalize organized crime. A representative of the General Accounting Office charts the current structure of La Cosa Nostra, and former members of this group testify about the nature and strength of the organization and the impact law enforcement has had upon it. Law enforcement representatives from various States testify about organized crime in their jurisdictions and law enforcement's effectiveness in addressing it. Appended exhibits and letters.
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Page Numbers Source ISBN: 1463628773
Publisher: Life Long Learner Books (June 21, 2011)
Dutch Schultz (born Arthur Flegenheimer; August 6, 1902 - October 24, 1935) was a New York City-area Jewish American mobster of the 1920s and 1930s who made his fortune in organized crime-related activities such as bootlegging alcohol and the numbers racket.
Weakened by two tax evasions trials led by prosecutor Thomas Dewey, Schultz's rackets were threatened by fellow mobster Lucky Luciano. In an effort to avert his conviction, Schultz asked the Commission for permission to kill Dewey, which they declined. After Schultz disobeyed the Commission and attempted to carry out the hit, they ordered his assassination in 1935.
The House Select Committee on Assassinations was established in September 1976 by House Resolution 1540, 94th Congress, 2d Session. The resolution authorized a 12-member select committee to conduct a full and complete investigation of the circumstances surrounding the death of President John F. Kennedy. The committes invesitgator was Ralph Francis Salerno, a highly decorated New York City policeman and an authority on organized crime. It was said of him that when he retired from the force in 1867, as a Detective Sergeant, having served 20 years in the department's intelligence branch, that he was law enforcements expert on the mob, knowing more about the inner workings of the Mafia in America than anybody not sworn into it.
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Page Numbers Source ISBN: 1463565186
Publisher: Bad Guys and Bullets Press (June 4, 2011)
The United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce was a special committee of the United States Senate which existed from 1950 to 1951 and which investigated organized crime which crossed state borders in the United States. The committee became popularly known as the Kefauver Committee because of its chairman, Senator Estes Kefauver.
Genesis of the committee Organized crime was the subject of a large number of widely-read articles in several major newspapers and magazines in 1949. Several local "crime commissions" in major cities and states had also uncovered extensive corruption of the political process by organized crime.
Many cities and states called for federal help in dealing with organized crime, yet federal law provided few tools for the U.S. government to do so. In particular, many cities and states were concerned with the way organized crime had infiltrated interstate commerce, and how it threatened to hold the American economy hostage through labor racketeering.
On January 5, 1950, Senator Estes Kefauver introduced a resolution that would allow the Senate Committee on the Judiciary to investigate organized crime's role in interstate commerce. However, the Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce already claimed jurisdiction over the issue.
A compromise resolution was substituted which established a special committee of five Senators, whose membership would be drawn from both the Judiciary and Commerce committees. Debate over the substitute resolution was bitter and partisan, and the voting on the resolution extremely close.
On May 3, 1950, Vice President Alben W. Barkley, sitting in his role as President of the United States Senate, cast the tie-breaking vote and the Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce was established.
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Print Length: 243 pages
Page Numbers Source ISBN: 1463662025
Publisher: Bad Guys and Bullets Press.Com (June 27, 2011)
Giuseppe Petrosino, who went by the Americanized name Joe Petroseena, was born in Padula near Salerno, Italy on August 30th 1860. His family emigrated to America in 1873. Young Petrosino decided to become a cop after shining patrolmen's shoes outside of police headquarters on Mulberry Street.
In his teens applied to the Irish dominated force but was rejected. "He was too short, too swarthy, spoke with an accent and wasn't Irish".
An Italian woman 'rag-picker' in her living space, with her packs of junk, few possessions including her straw hat hung on the wall behind her, and a child in her lap.
In 1878 Petrosino became a City street sweeper and won a promotion to foreman within a year. In 1879, Petrosino got a break when Police Captain Alexander "Clubber" Williams was assigned to command the street cleaning department.
The New York City Police force if the mid- nineteenth-century was full of goons, enforcers, thieves and extortionists. Some precincts were richer than others and offered more "graft and gravy" and for the many crooked cops on the force, the idea was to get assigned to the more lucrative areas such as the 29th, the fashionable red-light district on the West Side below 42nd Street.
Here, the sex trade was protected by the police who in turn paid off the local political machine, Tammany. In 1876, when police Capt. Alexander "Clubber" Williams was transferred there with the announcement "Boy's I've had nothing but chuck steak for a long time, and now I'm going to get a little of the tenderloin." And hence the Tenderloin was named.
Williams was brutal, thoroughly corrupt cop. "There is" he once said "more law at the end of a policeman's nightstick than in all the decisions of the Supreme Court" Police wouldn't be armed until 1877 and Williams had a reputation as a man who knew how to handle himself and his police club (Then called a paddy club) When William's joined the force in the late 1860s, he decided to clean up the areas along Broadway and Houston Streets. He started by beating two local gang members unconscious and throwing them through the plate-glass window of the Florence Saloon.
Six other members of the gang rushed out of the saloon only to meet William, standing alone, club in hand. He beat them all to a pulp with his club. Remarkably, as corrupt as he was, Williams was promoted to the rank of Captain in 1871 and later an inspector.
Yet witnesses before an 1894 investigation into police graft claimed the Clubber was receiving $30,000 a year, at a time when a police captain earned less than $200 a month, in protection money from one brothel alone.
The investigation also discovered that he owned an enormous estate and 17 room mansion in fashionable Cos Cobb Connecticut, a 53-foot yacht, a considerable fortune in cash and commercial real estate. When asked to explain his wealth, the Clubber explained that he had made his fortune through real estate speculation in Japan. Police Commissioner Teddy Roosevelt forced Williams into retirement shortly afterwards.
Rosenthal murder case The Becker-Rosenthal trial was a 1912 trial for the murder of Herman Rosenthal by Charles Becker and members of the Lenox Avenue Gang. The trial ran from October 7, 1912 to October 30, 1912 and restarted on May 2, 1914 to May 22, 1914. Other procedural events took place in 1915. In July 1912, Lieutenant Charles Becker was named in the New York World as one of three senior police officials involved in the case of Herman Rosenthal, a small time bookmaker who had complained to the press that his illegal casinos had been badly damaged by the greed of Becker and his associates. On July 16, two days after the story appeared, Rosenthal walked out of the Hotel Metropole at 147 West 43rd Street, just off Times Square. He was gunned down by a crew of Jewish gangsters from the Lower East Side, Manhattan. In the aftermath, Manhattan District Attorney Charles S. Whitman, who had made an appointment with Rosenthal before his death, made no secret of his belief that the gangsters had committed the murder at Charles Becker's behest. At first, John J. Reisler, also known as "John the barber," told the police that he'd seen "Bridgey" Webber running away from the crime scene directly following the killing. He recanted under duress from gangsters the next week, and was charged with perjury. The investigation was covered on the front page of the New York Times for months. It was so complex that the NYPD recalled thirty retired detectives to help investigate; they were said "to know most of the gangsters." One of these old-timers, Detective Upton, formerly of the NYPD "Italian Squad," was instrumental in the July 25, 1912, arrest of "Dago" Frank Cirofici, one of the suspected killers. He and his companion, Regina Gorden (formerly known as "Rose Harris"), were "so stupefied by opium that they offered no objection to their arrests," according to the New York Times.
How the Russian Mafia operates in the USA With one hundred illustrations
Sections Include: US Government Hearing on Russian Organized Crime in the US Four groups that make up the Russian mafia Russian Bratva structure Individual gangs Russian Mafia Profiles Vor v zakonye (Thieves-in-law) Tattoos In Their Own Words
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Print Length: 311 pages
Publisher: Bad Guys and Bullets Press.Com (October 22, 2011)
Antonino Joseph Accardo (born Antonino Leonardo Accardo; April 28, 1906 - May 22, 1992), also known as "Joe Batters" or "Big Tuna", rose from small-time hoodlum to the position of day-to-day boss of the Chicago Outfit in 1947, to ultimately become the final Outfit authority in 1972, until his death. Accardo moved The Outfit into new operations and territories, greatly increasing its power and wealth during his tenure as boss.